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What Are ABS And EBD, And How Do They Work?

ABS and EBD are well-known terminologies, but what exactly do they mean? We define ABS and EBD and explain how they operate.

ABS is a safety feature found on cars, motorcycles, scooters, trucks, and buses. It does not allow the wheels to lock up when braking hard, thus allowing a vehicle to come to a stop or swerve away from an object in a safe manner. Electronic Brakeforce Distribution (EBD) is a feature that comes either as a stand-alone option or combined with ABS.


We frequently come across acronyms like ABS and EBD, especially while shopping at automobiles or at the dealership when repairing the car. Some dismiss it as insignificant, while others have a general comprehension. Furthermore, when we hear that “the government has imposed ABS in automobiles,” we are left wondering what this is all about. We’ll explain.


Anti-lock Braking System (ABS)

ABS, or anti-lock braking system, is an ubiquitous technology found on vehicles, motorbikes, scooters, trucks, and buses. This safety feature prevents the wheels from locking up while braking forcefully, letting a vehicle to safely come to a stop or veer away from an obstruction.

An ABS monitors speed using sensors on the wheels and continually communicates this information to the car’s Electronic Control Unit, or ECU. When the ECU senses severe braking via the sensors, the ABS unit applies and releases the brake in rapid succession (pulsating), preventing the wheels from locking up and providing the driver greater freedom to turn away or safely stop.

All the driver has to do is apply the brake and maintain pressure; the ABS does the rest. When ABS is engaged, the driver will notice the brake pedal throbbing beneath their legs, which is totally natural. While ABS works well in most situations, it does shorten stopping distances in some situations, but these are minor.

Electronic Brakeforce Distribution (EBD)

EBD, or Electronic Brakeforce Distribution, is a feature that can be purchased separately or in conjunction with ABS. Aside from two-wheelers, it is now a standard safety equipment on all other cars and is often paired with ABS.

Electronic Brakeforce Distribution (EBD), like ABS, employs sensors in the wheel to continually check the speed. When the brake is applied, the braking power is distributed to individual wheels based on their speed, allowing the vehicle to maintain control.

EBD computes the speed of the wheels, the speed of the automobile in proportion to the speed of the wheels, engine rpm, road conditions, vehicle load, and other data. All of data is calculated by the EBD system in order to provide optimal brake balance, assisting the driver in maintaining control of the vehicle.


It guarantees that the appropriate amount of force is supplied to each wheel to bring it to a full stop. While ABS guarantees that the wheels do not lock under hard braking, EBD ensures that each wheel receives the appropriate amount of braking force.

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In India, there will be 25 electric automobiles on the road by 2023. The BMW i7, Tata Tigor EV, Mercedes-Benz EQB, Hyundai Ioniq 5, and BYD Atto 3 are well-known electric vehicles.

The least expensive electric automobile in India is the Hyundai Ioniq 5. Hyundai Ioniq 5’s starting on-road price in Delhi is 44.95 Lakh, and it can seat 5 people. The Hyundai Ioniq 5, whose on-road price in Delhi begins at 44.95 Lakh, is India’s most expensive electric vehicle. 

Any motor vehicle must be operated with a valid driver’s licence. Electric cars are no different. Driving a car without one is prohibited on public roads.

You do not need a driver’s licence to operate an electric two-wheeler with a top speed of up to 25 km/h and a power output of up to 250 watts, though. Students, youths, retirees, and others favour these automobiles because they don’t need to be registered.

All vehicles registered after April 1st, 2019, must have an HSRP by the rules related to the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, 1989. (High-Security Registration Plate). This registration can only be obtained from government agencies, enabling them to keep an exhaustive database of all vehicles and deter theft.

Electric vehicles are now exempt from paying costs for a registration certificate, according to the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH).

All EV owners should be happy about this recent move because they won’t have to pay anything to insure or renew their EVs. More electric vehicles are anticipated to be promoted in India as a result of these adjustments to registration fees.

Additionally, the government exempted owners of electric vehicles from paying road charges. As a result, owners of electric cars will undoubtedly benefit by saving money. According to studies, owning an electric vehicle can significantly save your vehicle expenses.


Public charging is the term for outside-the-home charging, which is an essential addition to inside-the-home charging. The sole subject of this article is public charging. Interoperability between charging stations and electric vehicles produced by various automakers is made possible by the standardisation of public charging infrastructure. 

1. Bharat EV Charger AC001 for AC Charging.
2. Bharat EV Charger DC001 for DC Charging.

Note: Slow, fast, rapid, and super-quick charging can cause confusion because there is no standard definition for each category. So, according to Bharat EV standards, charging choices are categorised according to the quantifiable standard of power rating.

Yes. According to the law, every vehicle, including gasoline, diesel, compressed natural gas (CNG), and electric cars, must have at least a third-party insurance policy. Financial fines may result from not having your electric car insured under this mandated coverage. However, this plan does not protect the insured vehicle in case of damage. Therefore, it is advised to choose the Comprehensive Insurance Policy because it provides both Own Damage (OD) coverage and Third-Party Insurance Plan benefits.

Aside from factors like location, model variation, and EV age, the cost of the vehicle determines the price of all motor insurance plans. You may assess the cost of insurance for electric vehicles by using the car insurance premium calculator for more information.

According to how much electricity is used as a fuel, there are three main categories of electric vehicles (EVs): battery electric vehicles (BEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs).